By KATIE JONES, THE STRAITS TIMES (Opinion)
Delegates look over the working papers in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space committee.
The Peaceful Uses of Outer Space committee is introducing working papers. The solutions presented have raised questions as to if this committee is really focused on developing cooperation and coordination in the final frontier.
China wants to expand an arsenal of nuclear weapons. It’s simple to determine that most Asian nations, Singapore included, will not be happy if this is allowed. It gets crazier though—Indonesia has offered its full support to China’s resolution. The diplomatic relations between the two regions were suspended in 1967. Indonesia must have had a serious change of heart to allow China to perform a power play on an international level.
With China being a global power, this has a massive effect on the security of Singapore. Saying that the expansion of nuclear weapons is for everyone’s own protection is absolutely ridiculous, and it will create a lot of enemies in the Asian region of the world. The government of Singapore strongly condemns the actions of China, and looks forward to cooperation with allies such as Malaysia, Brunei, and Myanmar. As for Indonesia, they too deserve to be cut out of any Asia-Pacific negotiations because they will be labeled as traitors.
There’s even more information that is extremely concerning on a global scale. Russia and the United States are coordinating on the same working paper, both involving increasing nuclear arsenals for the “safety and security of the world”. Iran and Spain are also on this working on this paper, which is rather odd because the president of the United States tried to ban the people of Iran from entering the nation. What is actually going on?
Nuclear weapons need to be forgotten about. While they may be practical for defending the planet against asteroids (According to NASA, the chances of an asteroid hitting Earth is one in 63,000), nations simply cannot be trusted in expanding their arsenals. Small nations are left floundering, and are forced to seek refuge under any of the permanent members of the United Nations.
Even more radical ideas were offered in the committee. Crowdfunding $50,000 dollar missiles, building missile silos on the moon (which would be a massive violation of international law), and even ideas that literally straight out of Star Wars.
As this committee begins to vote on solutions, all we can do is hope that small nations similar to ours will band together to stop the hegemonic nations from power grabbing. As far as The Straits Times can tell, this committee is not peaceful.
By KATIE JONES, THE STRAITS TIMES (Interview Transcript)
Q: What is your main stance on the topic?
A: The delegation of Spain is mainly focusing on protection through observation but also weaponry. We want to have extremely advanced detection software, but also we hope to somehow form a way in which nations can hold nuclear weapons only for peaceful uses. It sounds strange, nuclear weapons, but it may just work with the right steps.
Q: Isn’t there any other means of destroying asteroids besides nuclear weapons?
A: Unfortunately not really. People often view asteroids as these medium sized rocks just drifting around space. It’s not true. Asteroids fly thousands of miles per hour, and they can be the giant, like the size of Texas. The only technology we have right now that could solve the problem is nuclear weapons. Honestly, it is so rare that an asteroid would hit Earth, that this is all hypothetical. It probably won’t happen.
Q: How do you feel about Russia and the United States working on the same paper?
A: So we are actually on that paper with them. It’s strange that they are willing to work together in this instance and it could be mildly concerning. Yet, we are here for our interests only. I don’t really care what Russia or the US do, as we have decent relations with both nations. My main concern is the safety of the citizens of Spain.
Q: Have you heard of any ideas that you do not agree with?
A: Yes, tons actually. Someone was hoping to get missiles for the UN, which would mean an international body would have access to weapons. I really don’t even know how someone could come to that conclusion. There was also one idea discussing building missile containers on the moon. While it sounds like a good idea, you have to understand that the moon doesn’t belong to anyone, so this would violate some form of international law.
Q: China has offered to expand their weaponry solely for the use of defending space. What do you think about this?
A: I’m not sure. It seems a little sketchy as China is a global competitor to lead the world. It’s something that should definitely be looked into, and no irrational decisions can be made yet. In short, I am not sure what my opinion would actually be, but I suppose I would lean more towards disagreeing with China’s intentions.
Delegation of Spain discusses nuclear weapons and space with The Straits Times.
By YENA SEO, THE WALL STREET JOURNAL (Expository)
The Captains of American Industry have been busy addressing various economic issues and crises that have left the American public disengaged and many industries failing to meet productivity goals. Despite the committee’s active work to keep their economic powerhouses afloat and to expand the technological revolution, it has run into various obstacles and offered no clear solution.
Unfortunately for the Captains of American Industry, the United States Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, making industries subject to regulation. Previously, Representative Joseph Gurney Cannon (R-IL) had addressed the industry titans, noting that the bill was in response to public demand that railroad operations be regulated. The Act, which had enthusiastic bipartisan support, also established the Interstate Commerce Commission. The ICC has been tasked with investigating and regulating industries and corporations in order to ensure free trade and the elimination of monopolies.
While the Interstate Commerce Act was passed by Congress to address the railroad industry, a crisis update noted that in the last few months, Congress had edited the bill to strengthen its language. Although most analysts are unsure on the specific causes of the change to the bill’s language, data and public opinion surveys shows that the American general public displayed pro-regulation sentiments and enthusiastic support for a strong bill.
The American public has also shown more approval for federal regulation and a lack of interest in the industries led and maintained by the members of the Captains of American Industry. This lack of investment has resulted in the economic downturn of several industries, which has depressed stocks and alarmed many industry titans.
Thomas Edison noted that one of the reasons for the American public’s lack of interest and investment in these industries is because of a disconnect between the rural towns of America and the flourishing cities on the coasts. Edison expressed interest in connecting the East and West coasts via railroad networks in his “Old New Deal” directive.
“Bridging the divide will allow the American public to have confidence in its industries once again,” Edison said. “I’d like to press forward to invest in railroad networks, power grids and oil fields.”
Other industry leaders advocated for greater education of the American public, noting that one of the reasons for a lack of investment into industry and technology was an educational gap. One directive, “Make America Great Via Education,” emphasized a need for a network of vocational and trade schools across the U.S. that would encourage teaching in engineering, science, chemistry and electricity.
However, none of the directives could gain solid support, and the Captains of American Industry were unable to draft directives that would garner American support and address growing concerns.
Andrew Carnegie waits to speak on educational improvement in the Captains of American Industry.
By Daniel Juliao, El Mundo
The Special Summit on Terrorism is slowly edging closer to voting on working papers. By this point in committee, the blocs that will dictate later committee dynamics have begun to form. The Pro-Sovereignty Agreement advocates for the independence of nations. The working paper consists of signatories from all parts of the worlds including China, Cuba, Czech Republic. Egypt, Iran, Russian Federation, and Syria. El Mundo agrees and disagrees with distinct portions of this working paper.
The Sovereignty section of this working paper.
The area of strongest disagreement is the sovereignty component. It states that terrorism is an act done with the intention of creating a new nation state and asks the UN to assist only when recognized governments ask for assistance. Moreover, it specifies that countries requesting assistance must have veto power over actions done by the international body within their country. El Mundo disagrees with this extreme notion of sovereignty. Most of the signatories for this working paper have distinct histories of human rights violations against their own citizens. Terrorism in this situation may not be destructive, but rather a form of revolution against an oppressive and tyrannical government. If these nations were to receive veto power, then peacekeepers and outside support for a devastated minority may cease to exist.
The Delegate of Cote d’Ivore was eager to participate in the interview.
However, El Mundo does not disagree with the concept of sovereignty and actually agrees with the idea of countries maintaining sovereignty. The African Plus Bloc presents a valid working paper on how to properly deal with terrorism while supporting sovereignty to a reasonable extent. The African Plus Block consists of African countries including Cote d’Ivore and Nigeria. The African Plus Block wrote a working paper called the C.O.AL Essence. To gather a better understanding of the working paper I interviewed the delegate from Cote d’Ivore. The delegate from Cote d’Ivore advocated for maintaining sovereignty to each respective country while compromising to an extent the Pro-Sovereignty Agreement does not. The C.O.A.L advocates delegating power to regional bodies because they are able to handle crises while maintaining sovereignty.
Historic General Assembly, 1991
Via: ELLA BROWNLIE, AL QUDS AL ARABI
The situation in Western Sahara is critical and can only be resolved through negotiation, compromise and transparency.
The General Assembly stands for all of these values and principles and we would like to let the world know that countries like Iran, USSR, Syria, Venezuela and others are working to make sure that the post-referendum situation is safe for everyone.
No matter the outcome of the referendum, either independence or integration, know that those affected after the vote will be made guarantees and promises to keep them safe.
Signatories to the SAVE Plan: Sri Lanka, Egypt, Czechoslovakia, Senegal, Mexico, Morocco, Cote D’Ivoire, Syria, USSR, Venezuela, Iran.
Via ELLA BROWNLIE, AL QUDS AL ARABI
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela as one of the few nations who recognizes the governments of the Sawarhi people takes issue with any action that results in the administering of election processes by conflicted parties. such as the Moroccan army, as was suggested in a working paper that the United States was a signatory too.
We believe in independent and third party oversight leading to free, safe and fair elections.
BY GABRIELA DEL POZO, THE SUNDAY TIMES (Expository/opinion)
The Commission on the Status of Women has prioritized riding out the storm of war. The room is clearly segregated and there is only a glimmer of hope for binding the wounds of division. There is currently a schism between diplomats who advocate for women’s rights and those who support more conservative policies. Still, one creed is permanent: respect sovereignty. The representative of the Russian Federation has even said that other countries need to stop imposing Western values and views to other cultures. The Russian Federation is working mostly with Middle Eastern countries who want their principles of sovereignty to be respected.
At the United Nations it is expected that countries respect the principle of sovereignty. Governments accept the principle that they should be held accountable to their own people and not foreign powers as a self-evident truth. When do we make the decision to limit culture and tradition?
One cultural practice that should clearly be limited is child marriage. A child who has been exposed to this sort of experiences almost certainly experience some sort of psychological trauma. In such cases, the United Nations must wipe the world of such violent abuses and fight to preserve the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Child marriage causes a myriad of long-term events like psychological trauma, anxiety, depression and drug dependency. Dr Yann Le Strat conducted a study on this subject and found that “many women who participated in the study tend to feel as if their lives were great burdens, without even recognizing the knowing the cause for this feeling”. Furthermore, the disturbance does not end there, since entire families are impacted by this abuse. This means that the kids of those women may carry the repercussions of that forced marriage on their own body.
This goes beyond culture and even beyond tradition and is simply sexism. And a sign that patriarchies still need to fall. Hopefully this committee will be able to prevent these heinous occurrences.