By YENA SEO, THE WALL STREET JOURNAL (Expository)
The Captains of American Industry have been busy addressing various economic issues and crises that have left the American public disengaged and many industries failing to meet productivity goals. Despite the committee’s active work to keep their economic powerhouses afloat and to expand the technological revolution, it has run into various obstacles and offered no clear solution.
Unfortunately for the Captains of American Industry, the United States Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, making industries subject to regulation. Previously, Representative Joseph Gurney Cannon (R-IL) had addressed the industry titans, noting that the bill was in response to public demand that railroad operations be regulated. The Act, which had enthusiastic bipartisan support, also established the Interstate Commerce Commission. The ICC has been tasked with investigating and regulating industries and corporations in order to ensure free trade and the elimination of monopolies.
While the Interstate Commerce Act was passed by Congress to address the railroad industry, a crisis update noted that in the last few months, Congress had edited the bill to strengthen its language. Although most analysts are unsure on the specific causes of the change to the bill’s language, data and public opinion surveys shows that the American general public displayed pro-regulation sentiments and enthusiastic support for a strong bill.
The American public has also shown more approval for federal regulation and a lack of interest in the industries led and maintained by the members of the Captains of American Industry. This lack of investment has resulted in the economic downturn of several industries, which has depressed stocks and alarmed many industry titans.
Thomas Edison noted that one of the reasons for the American public’s lack of interest and investment in these industries is because of a disconnect between the rural towns of America and the flourishing cities on the coasts. Edison expressed interest in connecting the East and West coasts via railroad networks in his “Old New Deal” directive.
“Bridging the divide will allow the American public to have confidence in its industries once again,” Edison said. “I’d like to press forward to invest in railroad networks, power grids and oil fields.”
Other industry leaders advocated for greater education of the American public, noting that one of the reasons for a lack of investment into industry and technology was an educational gap. One directive, “Make America Great Via Education,” emphasized a need for a network of vocational and trade schools across the U.S. that would encourage teaching in engineering, science, chemistry and electricity.
However, none of the directives could gain solid support, and the Captains of American Industry were unable to draft directives that would garner American support and address growing concerns.
Andrew Carnegie waits to speak on educational improvement in the Captains of American Industry.
By Daniel Juliao, El Mundo
The Special Summit on Terrorism is slowly edging closer to voting on working papers. By this point in committee, the blocs that will dictate later committee dynamics have begun to form. The Pro-Sovereignty Agreement advocates for the independence of nations. The working paper consists of signatories from all parts of the worlds including China, Cuba, Czech Republic. Egypt, Iran, Russian Federation, and Syria. El Mundo agrees and disagrees with distinct portions of this working paper.
The Sovereignty section of this working paper.
The area of strongest disagreement is the sovereignty component. It states that terrorism is an act done with the intention of creating a new nation state and asks the UN to assist only when recognized governments ask for assistance. Moreover, it specifies that countries requesting assistance must have veto power over actions done by the international body within their country. El Mundo disagrees with this extreme notion of sovereignty. Most of the signatories for this working paper have distinct histories of human rights violations against their own citizens. Terrorism in this situation may not be destructive, but rather a form of revolution against an oppressive and tyrannical government. If these nations were to receive veto power, then peacekeepers and outside support for a devastated minority may cease to exist.
The Delegate of Cote d’Ivore was eager to participate in the interview.
However, El Mundo does not disagree with the concept of sovereignty and actually agrees with the idea of countries maintaining sovereignty. The African Plus Bloc presents a valid working paper on how to properly deal with terrorism while supporting sovereignty to a reasonable extent. The African Plus Block consists of African countries including Cote d’Ivore and Nigeria. The African Plus Block wrote a working paper called the C.O.AL Essence. To gather a better understanding of the working paper I interviewed the delegate from Cote d’Ivore. The delegate from Cote d’Ivore advocated for maintaining sovereignty to each respective country while compromising to an extent the Pro-Sovereignty Agreement does not. The C.O.A.L advocates delegating power to regional bodies because they are able to handle crises while maintaining sovereignty.
Historic General Assembly, 1991
Via: ELLA BROWNLIE, AL QUDS AL ARABI
The situation in Western Sahara is critical and can only be resolved through negotiation, compromise and transparency.
The General Assembly stands for all of these values and principles and we would like to let the world know that countries like Iran, USSR, Syria, Venezuela and others are working to make sure that the post-referendum situation is safe for everyone.
No matter the outcome of the referendum, either independence or integration, know that those affected after the vote will be made guarantees and promises to keep them safe.
Signatories to the SAVE Plan: Sri Lanka, Egypt, Czechoslovakia, Senegal, Mexico, Morocco, Cote D’Ivoire, Syria, USSR, Venezuela, Iran.
Via ELLA BROWNLIE, AL QUDS AL ARABI
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela as one of the few nations who recognizes the governments of the Sawarhi people takes issue with any action that results in the administering of election processes by conflicted parties. such as the Moroccan army, as was suggested in a working paper that the United States was a signatory too.
We believe in independent and third party oversight leading to free, safe and fair elections.
BY GABRIELA DEL POZO, THE SUNDAY TIMES (Expository/opinion)
The Commission on the Status of Women has prioritized riding out the storm of war. The room is clearly segregated and there is only a glimmer of hope for binding the wounds of division. There is currently a schism between diplomats who advocate for women’s rights and those who support more conservative policies. Still, one creed is permanent: respect sovereignty. The representative of the Russian Federation has even said that other countries need to stop imposing Western values and views to other cultures. The Russian Federation is working mostly with Middle Eastern countries who want their principles of sovereignty to be respected.
At the United Nations it is expected that countries respect the principle of sovereignty. Governments accept the principle that they should be held accountable to their own people and not foreign powers as a self-evident truth. When do we make the decision to limit culture and tradition?
One cultural practice that should clearly be limited is child marriage. A child who has been exposed to this sort of experiences almost certainly experience some sort of psychological trauma. In such cases, the United Nations must wipe the world of such violent abuses and fight to preserve the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Child marriage causes a myriad of long-term events like psychological trauma, anxiety, depression and drug dependency. Dr Yann Le Strat conducted a study on this subject and found that “many women who participated in the study tend to feel as if their lives were great burdens, without even recognizing the knowing the cause for this feeling”. Furthermore, the disturbance does not end there, since entire families are impacted by this abuse. This means that the kids of those women may carry the repercussions of that forced marriage on their own body.
This goes beyond culture and even beyond tradition and is simply sexism. And a sign that patriarchies still need to fall. Hopefully this committee will be able to prevent these heinous occurrences.
By WBQ, Al-Quds Al-Arabi (opinion)
In today’s session of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), delegates presented their comments and opinions on current working papers that have been introduced.
One delegate emphasized the need for the committee to come together and work on a unified solution, stating, “We all missed the unity. We have only one world and only one purpose.”
The delegate of the United States pointed out that while different countries have their own capabilities and responsibilities, all should focus on working together. They emphasized three aspects of resolution: awareness, research, and education.
Al-Quds Al-Arabi agrees with the attitudes and efforts of the United States delegate. As the leader of all Western countries, instead of being bellicose and contrarian, this country decided to embrace the world with open arms.
However, the question remains as to whether this will be another false promise by the United States in order to control the world and create chaos within conferences. As a world leader, the United States has the ability to unify opinions from different countries or unite working groups to create one comprehensive working paper. However, what this agency found was that there was one working paper about nuclear force, one about contingency, one about wide-reach peaceful program, one about awareness and education as he said in his speech.
At this point in the conference, it seems reasonable that countries should be combining their working papers and cooperating toward a singular, comprehensive solution. The absence of such coordination may be due to world powers like the United States not leading the way. Alternatively, the words spoken so often in debate, like negotiation and communication, might simply be cliche placeholders instead of actual intended actions.
It took approximately twenty minutes for all working papers to be introduced, considerably a frustrating amount of time in a conference where time is of the essence. Hopefully we will see new progress in the committee in the future, to hear from more developing nations, and to see a successful resolution by the end of the conference.
By Ella Brownie, Al Quds-Al Arabi
The Historical General Assembly has split into a number of factions each focusing on relatively different parts of the complex processes that will be needed to fully decolonize the Western Sahara. Columbia, Italy and Portugal have emphasized that the United Nations working to get a referendum is the primary goal. From their perspective, the biggest current problem is the lack of democracy in the region.
With a large amount of consensus among delegates on the necessity of a referendum, the discussion of the committee began to focus on the actual measures needed to hold a fair and unbiased election. This discussion included finding a process to determine who should be able to vote in a referendum.
Both the Cambodian and German delegations have emphasized the importance of discussing voter eligibility. They proposed that Moroccans established in Western Sahara prior to 1982, when the Moroccan government begun encouraging migration to the region, should have the right to vote. Thailand has also suggested establishing polling booths in refugee camps in order to allow displaced Saharawi people to vote.
Other blocs placed more of an emphasis on the economic dynamics in the region. In particular, Singapore and the United Kingdom have suggested placing a temporary ban on foreign exports from the region. They reason that Morocco only wants control over this region because of these valuable resources. Freezing such assets until a government can be put in place will prevent the resources from becoming tools of political maneuvering within the region.
A further issue discussed by the committee was the importance of guaranteeing citizenship and residency options for both parties to prevent backlash regardless of the election result. Some countries argued this would constitute “inclusive integration” for the losing party, be these Moroccans or Saharawi, in any post-referendum state.
Finally, members of the committee discussed humanitarian aid and disarmament. Disarmament of both the POLISARIO and the Moroccan army in order to prevent further civilian casualties was a hot topic; however, it currently appears unlikely that all parties, especially Morocco and her allies, will come to a consensus on this proposal.