Category: Specialized Agencies

Cavour IV’s Cabinet Splits In Two

BY KATIE JONES, The Boston Globe

It is the spring of 1861. The Kingdom of Italy has something to celebrate. They’ve declared independence, finally accomplishing the daunting task of unifying. Italy now falls under the jurisdiction of King Vittorio Emanuele II, with Camillo Benso, better known as Cavour, serving as Italy’s first Prime Minister. It seems as if Italy has achieved the impossible – for years, the nation struggled, and finally there is peace.

The Sicilians exit Cavour IV’s Cabinet.

Little did they know, this simply would not be the case.

One of the first acts of business for Cavour’s Cabinet was to move the capital from its home base of Turin to the flourishing region of Florence. Why? For some, it was to secure power away from Rome (dominated by France at this time). For others, it is a non-religious sanctuary, with possibilities to pave endless economic opportunities.

This move though, was not all happy news. The Sicilians, feeling left out and disregarded, began to resent Italy’s aristocracy and dominance.

“Second-class citizens quote” said by Giuseppe Sirtori, Commander of the Order of the Italian Military.

The significance of Sicily has a large impact on the general functions of the Italian state. Sicily is an agrarian region of Italy, and accounts for the largest amount of food production. Sicily also holds allegiances to France, which puts Italy in a dangerous situation should any conflicts arise.

As Sicily became more and more disgruntled, a small bloc of individuals formed, looking to force Italy’s hand in granting justice. For Sicilians, that day came today. Sicily officially seceded from Italy, forcing one room to split into two.

The committee has now transitioned into a Joint-Crisis Committee as the tensions between the two powers had become too powerful. As the Sicilians left the room, the Italian cabinet members let out a sigh of relief, finally hoping to unify Italy permanently.

All smiles after the Sicilians leave the room.

Hope continues to grow for the Italians, the Ambassador to Prussia has led the charge in allying Italy and Prussia on the military front. Sicily though, still has French troops occupying and surrounding most of Italy’s borders. It will be a toss-up as to who can walk out on top.

How does Italy plan to get power?

“When we get there, at that point it’s going to be like no mercy, we’re going to brutalize them probably, burn the fields. We have a whole plan to burn the Vatican too, because they’re against us. We’re going to steal all of their stuff too,” said the Ambassador to Prussia.

The Ambassador to Prussia also informed The Boston Globe that Prussia will be invading France to end the conflict once and for all.

Ambassador to Prussia (Middle).

With two states on the brink of war, it will be a fight to the end to see who controls the Mediterranean, and all of its riches.

The Fight for Communism


Deep in the harsh Malayan jungle land, brave people in support of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) are fighting against harsh British imperial control and respond to the recent attacks against their supply lines by the Rintangan.  The Rintangan are suspected of being influenced by the British and aim to starve the courageous Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), who fight against the economic inequality of the people, and the mistreatment of the Chinese minority.  Their greatest desire is the implementation of a communist government for all people to benefit from.

The vicious attack by the Rintangan on CPM supply lines shows just how cruel the opponents of the CPM can be, and the struggle to defend themselves from such actions is admirable.   The fourth wife and Secretary of Mao Zedong, Jiang Ching, said “The attacks of the Rintangan are absolutely abhorrent [and] are very subversive to the Communist Party of Malaya and we will do everything we can to find out the perpetrators of this attack.”  However, there is great suspicion of British involvement, especially from Yeung Kwo, commander of the 1st regiment of the MNLA, who comments that the British are a corrupting influence and will try to subvert the MCP by using the people they are trying to defend against them.

The goal of the MPC is to throw off the constrictive control of the British Empire.  With the help of foreign powers and their own powerful will, the Malayan people will achieve independence and justice for the crimes of the British.  When asking the delegate representing Zhou Enlai, the Premier of the Chinese Communist Party, of the purpose for aiding the Malayan people, she responded that China wish for the Chinese minority to be treated fairly, and that recent actions show that the British, “think of people as money.”  The oppressive rule of the British Empire cannot be overstated as they recently shot and killed 7 students from the Students Against the British Empire and Repression (SABER) while they were peacefully protesting.

The clever representatives of the MCP are devising new ways to fight British control, ranging from booby trapping compromised Kajang tunnels to disguising smugglers as merchant caravans that trade with the British.  These strategies will ensure the war effort can continue if the face of underhanded tactics. One thing that is agreed upon, is the need to increase the power of the MNLA through means such as contacting the USSR for military personnel to train the MNLA in jungle warfare and take the initiative against the British.

Suriani comments that “revolution is struggle and misery” and that only through these troubled times can a true communist nation rise above and give power to the working class.  The British have made Malaya suffer much, but they will come out stronger for it through the process of righteous revolution.

EDITORIAL: WOMEN IN POWER: The Powerful Lessons of Samantha Power and A Reflection Of The Realities in The “Gabinete Jacobo Arbenz Guzman”


It is the opening ceremony of the HNMUN 2019 and hundreds of delegates fill the Boston Park Plaza ballroom. The keynote speaker steps up to the microphone and the room goes silent. It’s Samantha Power, 28th United States Ambassador to the United Nations.

The former ambassador gives an extremely empowering and moving speech. Recounting her memories as a child up to her experiences as an envoy to the U.N. under the administration of President Barack Obama. Power uses this opportunity to teach the young diplomats present, both men and women, about the importance of women in positions of power.

“Change what seems possible,” is one of her lessons. In it, she mentions seeing the picture of Jeane Kirkpatrick—the first woman in the U.N. Security Council—and thinking she was able to, just like Kirkpatrick, be in a high position of power and influence. She says just how vivid this memory is, and how it drove her, and inspired her, into the life of a diplomat. A life dedicated to lead and serve in the best interests of her country.

Ambassador Samantha Power at HNMUN 2019 Opening Ceremony ( February 14th, 2019)

However, attending and reporting on the Gabinete De Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, this writer couldn’t help but notice the tragic irony that was the make-up of this significant and dynamic crisis committee, conducted in Spanish by Maria Sofia Corzo Mittelstaedt—a student of Social Sciences at Harvard University, born and raised in the Guatemala City, Guatemala. Also involved in this committee as a delegate personifying one of the male roles, is a woman. The delegate, Maria Angelica Fernandez, shares a Hispanic background with the committee’s chair. The presence of these two women is powerful and very significant here at HNMUN, particularly when it comes to a committee that deals in matters of national security and the welfare of its citizens under dire and urgent circumstances. It is unquestionably a statement of the prowess and capability that a woman can have when under duress and at the helm of critical situations that require intelligent decision making and quick thinking.

What is most unfortunate, however, and gives us a moment to reflect further into the words of Ambassador Power, is the disproportion of women present in this committee. Sofia and Maria stand as the only two women in it, despite doing a noticeably great job directing a crisis committee and giving a credible performance as a crisis delegate, respectively. This reality, at a prestigious and world renowned conference, raises the question of just how far we have, or have not, come as a society, in preparing young girls and women for high positions, not only in crisis committees or government positions, but also other facets of life. This should perhaps be a call to action, and Sofia and Maria, as well as Ambassador Power, serve as an example, of just how far—and how much further—women can go.

Establishing Safe Zones


In the second session of the United Nations Security Council meetings on the Kurdish state, delegations are split upon the hearing of the recently passed resolution coming out of the DISEC committee. Some delegates see this resolution as a good starting point for establishing a future Kurdish state. Others see this as overstepping, believing this is something that should not be decided by a group of a few nations that cannot fully understand this complex issue.

The resolution calls for the establishment of safe zones in Turkey and Syria managed by a peacekeeping unit known as the United Nations Mission in Syria and Turkey (UNAMST). This unit will be managed by the department of peacekeeping operations and the secretariat of the UN. The security council will conduct the operation for six months and will remain in the specified safe zones until the conflict is deemed as resolved by the council.

Two directives were introduced each with their own take on how they want to tackle this new update. The Russian delegation worked one of the directives and they see this as an opening to help the Kurdish people establish a sovereign state. In their directive, they are focusing on anti-colonialist principles and believe in investing in Kurdish infrastructure (they were not specific as what this entails). As they are allies with Turkey, who has a bloody history with the Kurds, the Russian delegates would love to see Turkey join the fray and cooperate in helping to get this problem fixed. The Russian delegation also sees this as an opportunity for the leader of Turkey, President Erdogan, to legitimize his power and country in the international community.  

Delegates in the UNSC debating about the recently passed resolution from DISEC

The other directive, which the United Kingdom delegation (UK) helped to write, opposes the previous directive and instead calls for the delegitimization of the Turkish government and to cease arms sales to the Turkish military. The UK feels that western nations should not intervene in this matter; instead, the UK delegation said that “we believe as a western nation we have the obligation to empower these people to fight for their fates, not us deciding the solution for them.” Countries who were previously imperial powers should not give their solution to the matter since it is not their business to get involved in these groups’ problems. What they could do instead is support and empower the Kurds to choose their destiny and what they really want in terms of sovereignty and recognition.

Exclusive – Chaos in the Northern Middle East

BY LI FIGARO, United Nations

A Kurdish militia announced itself to the Security Council today and threatened to attack cities in Turkey if the Security Council does not recognize the sovereignty of a Kurdish state. The militia, which did not specify its name or capabilities, told the Security Council that it had “powerful friends,” and would start moving if its demands were not met in one day. The militia had captured a contingent of Turkish diplomats. The BBC reports that the diplomats have been rescued by U.S. Special Forces.

Compounding this development, the BBC reports a large military force mobilizing in the northern regions of Iraq. The allegiance of this force remains unknown, and whether it is connected to the emergent Kurdish militia has yet to be ascertained.


The representatives of the Kurdish militia at the Security Council

The militia representatives decried what they have called a pattern of human rights abuses of Kurds by the Turkish government and called upon Turkey’s allies at N.A.T.O. to denounce the actions of the Turkish government. Following a pattern established by the Islamic State, rivals of many factions of Middle Eastern Kurds, the militia announced that it would be reporting its progress across Turkish territory on Twitter.

“We want the world to hear our message and that message is that we deserve rights,” the militia representative told the Security Council.

Soon afterward, a box of weapons was delivered to the Security Council chambers by a group claiming to be the Kurdish militia PKK. The label on the box read “fight for your rights.” A Le Figaro reporter present on the scene reported that the box was delivered by militants riding a large armored vehicle. The group did not immediately identify itself with the Iraqi or Turkish forces.


Armored vehicle delivering box of weapons to Security Council

In a statement issued by the French mission to the U.N., the French government “want[s] to stay neutral.” However, they declared that “political representation is the first step. The creation of a Kurdish state can be a little bit complicated, we would violate the principle of sovereignty,” [sic] presumably the sovereignty of the Turkish state. France had previously declared its support for the sovereignty of the Syrian state in the midst of renewed Kurdish assertiveness.

The Middle East has become an increasingly dangerous place in the wake of the drawdown of the Syrian Civil War. A report by the BBC, given soon after the Kurdish militia’s declaration, indicates that Iran has developed an arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICM) which could potentially be used to deliver nuclear warheads.

Grand Council: Feminists Rewrite Chinese History


Feminism penetrates through history as the Grand Council’s vote on the directive “I, An Intellectual Feminist” passes, rewriting history for women in China forever. In retrospect, can one think of something wrong about this directive?

The directive demanded quite a few things: access to higher education for women; access to the Civil Examination and governmental positions; abolition of the practice of foot binding; providing of free medical care for people suffered from foot binding; pardoning of past imposers of foot binding; and a heavy fine on future foot binding imposers.

This is absolutely surreal for three reasons. First, the bedrock of China’s power is its tributary system. The tributary system sees a generous patriarch rewarding his cousins and other distant siblings for being loyal and recognizing his authority, through which the patriarch satisfies his vanity. And more importantly, it proves once again that his rule is just, authentic, and accepted universally.

If we dig a little bit deeper, however, we see that the tributary system is deeply rooted in patriarchy: more specifically, somebody is the owner of the house, and he is above all the others. The abolishment of foot binding might seem insignificant, but it will undoubtedly shake the foundation of this patriarchal ideology, which can cause political instability on a national level.

Second, this is again people judging a traditional practice from a modern, liberal point of view, which does not reflect the wilder scope of history. China had only one female emperor in its history, Wu Zetian, the emperor of Tang dynasty, one of China’s most prosperous times both economically and culturally. It was also, of course, a time when the rights of women were most protected. But all of these achievements couldn’t have happened without the time and money provided by an economically sound and politically stable nation. The Qing dynasty is not, in contrast, rich or stable, making it an inopportune time for people to change a long-perpetrated mindset.

Third, foot binding, as a cultural product, is not in itself intended to hurt other human beings; rather, it was created for a specific reason. Foot binding occurred because people were willing to do so for social or economic benefits. At that specific period of time, it was a beauty standard shared by all of the Chinese people, which is why we see them in painting, poetry and music pieces. Imagine what we could lose culturally if it was brutally taken away.

Will the Grand Council be open about foot binding now? It would be interesting to find out.

Half of Hubei Invaded by Coordinated Attack

BY VISHAL NAGDA, South China Morning Post

Over half the river fleet in Hubei, China, have been demolished.

The suspected attackers are the British and the Americans. The Grand Council of the Qing Dynasty believes that the British attacked their fleet to take over and colonize China. The attacks were highly coordinated.

The Emperor arrived at the Grand Council and immediately disseminated the information. “We must retaliate against this threat!” said Yang Xiuqing, an intellectual in the Grand Council.

“Our river fleet in Hubei has been absolutely demolished” stated the Emperor. “Over 50 percent of our ships are gone”, he continued.

The identity of the attackers is yet to be confirmed.

The Emperor disseminating the crisis to the Grand Council

“There are reports of mines and multiple coordinated attacks happening at the same time. Our navy is absolutely decimated. I’m absolutely in shock right now” expressed the Emperor.