ALEJANDRO CESPEDES, The New York Times
Migration is one of the most important issues that the world is facing, nowadays. According to 2017 International Migration Report made by the International Organization for Refugees (IOM), “the number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow over the past seventeen years, reaching 258 million in 2017, up from 248 million in 2015”. This quantity represents a very important challenge for all the countries, and also for the human race.
During the first session of the IOM, the different delegates from most of the countries worldwide have been discussing this problem, focusing on how the states will countering migrant smuggling.
European migrants policy trends
In Europe, the rise of the right has taken with it the rise of new policies and perspectives about migration and also, human right. In this sense, our correspondent at IOM Committee, Alejandro Céspedes, have interviewed to the delegates from Italy, one of the countries with the most disruptive policies regarding migration and protection to this type of people. Before the question of which one is the Italian perspective of the migrant smuggling, the delegates answered that “migration is not a human right. We recognize the fact that nobody benefits of this situation. We opposed to helping them. It is a threat to the sovereignty of our countries. It is not our responsibility.”
Asian voice for the migrants
Also, what the Republic of the Philippines is proposing is the application of a new perspective that have three principal steps: prevention, prosecution, and protection. In the first one, what they propose is to identify the type of victims in order to raise awareness. In the second one, what they propose is to create an intelligence gathering with the purpose of improve legislation of the countries and also the International foreign policies, regarding witness protection. Finally, to protect they are calling upon the nations to rescue victims, to improve the ways of repatriation, rehabilitation and reintegration of the migrants into the host countries to avoid any social problem that can affect the local population.
So, what is next?
The International Community will be waiting for the next delegate´s participation, mostly the ones from the Latin American countries and the United States, that is showing a little far from this discussion. However, what is evident is that polarization and blind policies –which do not contemplate the facts and proper data- are increasing in the world.