By, KATIE JONES, THE STRAITS TIMES (Expository)
The delegation of DPRK discusses their working paper.
Saturday morning delegates sat in circles on the floor hashing out final working papers to be presented in front of the entire committee. Some papers went through as many as four mergers, due to the fact that most papers were extremely similar. In the committee though, delegates are having trouble actually coming up with a definition of amnesty that can be applied internationally.
“One solution could be to have national and international courts convene and determine what a definition for amnesty could be, and it would then be universal,” said the delegation of Jordan.
Many papers have also faced the problem of setting guidelines that are too specific. For the C.A.S.E. resolution, delegates have avoided listing what specific crimes will not be allowed when granting amnesty.
Syria is currently part of the paper titled A.N.G.E.L. – Amnesty Negotiated, Granted, and Effected Legally. The delegations part of the resolution hope to maintain state sovereignty while still analyzing requests for amnesty on an individual level.
Almost all of the papers had some level of struggle in labeling who should receive amnesty. Working paper, Effective Amnesty Response (EAR) discusses “tortures will not be granted amnesty if the torture was unordered or they were the ones ordering the torture, In the case of ordered torture, the torture will be eligible to amnesty.” The lack of analysis in the working papers has created questions for delegates as to whether there is even a decent solution to the problem.
Working paper 1.6 was recognized in committee as being vague and infringing up the state’s judgement and discretion in granting amnesty. The paper states, “The government must have a post-conflict plan to ensure the maintenance of international peace, security, and recovery.” Many delegates called for a presentation of what this “plan” would actually be.
While there is confusion amongst certain aspects in the committee, many delegations can agree on what crimes will never be permitted when considering amnesty. This includes crimes against humanity, war crimes, aggression, and genocide. There is also a strong advocation from the majority to leave discretion to the state considering the matter.
This afternoon the process will begin of introducing working papers and holding question and answer sessions. There are currently a total of six working papers. The Straits Times will be on the scene to figure out the confusion amongst the delegations.