By YENA SEO, THE WALL STREET JOURNAL (Expository)
In 1946, the Historical United Nations Security Council met to deal with the turmoil and conflict created by the civil war in Greece. After World War I and during the Second Hellenic Republic, an anti-monarchist movement came to prominence in Greece, and communism and Marxism have continued to gain support since the founding of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) in 1918. In the last several decades, the KKE has faced vast opposition from the Greek government, who have sought to purge communist leaders and activities from the nation.
The Historical Security Council was faced with the difficult question of sending in peacekeeping troops into Greece and potentially furthering the conflict. In the past few years, Greece was subject to multiple invasions, which left Greek citizens even more angry and confused at the presence of multiple forces in their country. The committee was ultimately divided into two blocs, one which supported the insertion of forces into Greece, and one that emphasized a need to respect the national sovereignty of the Greek government.
“We need to take a step back and respect the officially-elected government of Greece,” the delegate from the United Kingdom said. “We must trust the Greek government with their sovereign rights.”
A number of delegations supported the insertion of observer forces that would serve as peacekeeping troops that did not engage in actual combat.
“We should call for an investigation and emphasize the need to have a presence in Greece,” the delegate from Egypt said. “But the introduction of weapons and military forces into Greece could have catastrophic consequences.”
Several delegations argued that even the presence of observer forces would not be enough to fully retain peace in Greece, especially at the brink of its next election cycle. They argued that while the Greek government has its right to sovereignty, it has also blatantly demonstrated a lack of respect for communists within Greece.
“Observer forces do not work,” the delegate from Yugoslavia said. “Greece has not upheld their side of the bargain and shows no respect for communists. We need to enforce and facilitate free and fair elections, and we cannot allow the country to go unchecked.”
However, other delegates noted that the Communist Party of Greece had also “breached the rules,” noting that many KKE activists had refused to comply with Greek laws. One delegation even criticized the delegation from Yugoslavia for aiding the KKE fighters.
The Historical Security Council must come to a decision as the Communist Party threatens to boycott the upcoming elections. The political future of Greece is at stake in these elections, and quick, comprehensive action from the Historical Security Council is desperately needed.
The United Kingdom works on a directive to tackle the Greek crisis in the Historical Security Council, 1946.