By YENA SEO, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD
After much debate over the role and history of United Nations peacekeepers, the United Nations Security Council passed a directive to send peacekeeping troops into Azerbaijan to attempt to alleviate the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Previously, two directives regarding peacekeeping troops had failed due to the use of veto power by members of the permanent five nations. After increased military action from Azerbaijan, however, the United Nations Security Council felt compelled to send troops as quickly as possible to promote stability in the region.
“The use of peacekeepers prevents immediate escalation and is really effective,” the delegate from Ukraine said. “It prevents against things like the aggressive movement from Azerbaijan.”
The United Nations Security Council emphasized a rules of engagement policy when deploying the peacekeepers, stating that they were not to engage primarily. Member nations expressed that the protection of citizens was the first obligation of the peacekeeping troops, which would then hopefully cause demilitarization and establish an interim UN-sponsored government in the region.
“We very much tried to balance short-term and long-term implications,” the delegate from the United Kingdom said.
While the peacekeepers were sent to ease the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the United Nations Security Council has found difficulty in the role of peacekeepers for the growing tensions in the South China Sea.
“In the South China Sea, it has been more controversial because the territory has been disputed and it is water-borne territory,” the delegate from the United Kingdom said. “It’s been a lot more difficult.”