By ANDREA MANGET, THE GLOBE AND MAIL
The name of Pakistan’s game is GLOCAL and today their delegation team made serious waves in SPECPOL.
One of SPECPOL’s biggest topics of discussion this weekend has been water scarcity and the conflicts that surround it. The Globe and Mail took a minute to sit down with Sebastian Carreno, delegate of Pakistan, to discuss the logistics of his team’s proposed resolution.
GLOCAL’s main objective is to foster a global approach on water affairs and advocate for local solutions, implementation and action. The initiative’s core framework utilizes a legal toolbox that would essentially be tailored to each country, taking in their own circumstances and considerations. Pakistan says that next steps include working directly with the United Nations Security Council, providing them with the adequate suggestions and tools of GLOCAL and finally, enforcing newer and stronger regulations surrounding both water scarcity and ownership.
Pakistan thinks GLOCAL must be put into effect immediately. With over 280 individual cases and conflicts concerning water regulation worldwide, there are only 18 lateral and bi-lateral agreements in place that enforce any kind of control.
Pakistan’s proposition is similar to other agreements that have worked well for countries thus far. For example, the existing treaty between Pakistan and India has proven to be a great success. The agreement involves Pakistan holding control over three rivers in the East and India, maintaining three in the West. Since the introduction of the treaty in 1960, Pakistan and India have had no conflict over issues regarding water.
While Carreno sees the tool being exceptionally beneficial to many nations, it would not be advantageous to all. “A country could lose a lot of hegemony,” Carreno said, “and they would rather maintain that hegemony than lose it to water.” The factor of a country’s sovereignty is significant, proving that GLOCAL may not be of interest to everyone. Yet, it would still have a positive impact on developing countries or nations in current debate such as Israel and Palestine with their conflict over the Gaza Strip.