UNSC Struggles to Address Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

By YENA SEO, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD

Despite a tragic incident yesterday which resulted in the mutilation of the son of Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has remained divided on approaches to address the increasingly chaotic Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. While Aliyev’s son had his hand cut off by kidnappers due to the UNSC’s inability to take action quickly, today’s issues came from powerful nations vetoing many of the options proposed to the committee.

The disfiguration of Aliyev’s son resulted in the Azerbaijani administration mobilizing its military against the Nagorno-Karabakhi troops. Azerbaijan released in an official statement that it no longer recognizes the authority of the UNSC, refusing to communicate with the body to address the situation while also rejecting the UNSC’s offer of renewed peace talks with Armenia.

The UNSC scrambled to find military-oriented and diplomatic solutions that would address the growing conflict, with nations such as France and the United States leveraging their veto power privileges against several directives.

The United Kingdom proposed a directive that would establish an arms embargo to both Azerbaijan and Armenia immediately to demilitarize the region and de-escalate the conflict. The embargo’s mission was to cut off the supply, sales and exchange of military assets to the parties involved in the conflict.

However, many countries were in disagreement with the terms presented in the directive, arguing that groups would find weapons through other, more destructive methods.

“Arms embargoes will result in countries looking to other measures to get weapons,” the delegate from Egypt said. “This directive fails to address the way modern wars are fought.”

Another directive, sponsored by China, emphasized a peacekeeping mission, detailing measures before, during and after deployment of troops to the region. The peacekeeping forces were to consist of militia from nations not entangled in any way with the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. However, this directive also brought dissent from among the committee.

“This directive has no proper rules of engagement for the peacekeeping troops,” the delegate from the United Kingdom said. “This could be a potentially dangerous situation with no rules of engagement for troops to properly follow.”

Despite heated debate, both directives ultimately failed to pass and the United Nations Security Council still has yet to determine an effective solution to address the growing conflict in Azerbaijan.

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Russia reacts to a crisis update on the mobilization of the Azerbaijani military.

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